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SWITZERLAND Federal Office of Police fedpol — Swiss Coordination Unit against the Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling of Migrants

SWITZERLAND Federal Office of Police fedpol — Swiss Coordination Unit against the Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling of Migrants
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https://www.eda.admin.ch/deza/en/home/themes-sdc/migration/human-trafficking.html

Human trafficking – prevention and strengthening of local capabilities

Human traf­fick­ing is a mod­ern form of slav­ery and a seri­ous infringe­ment of vic­tims’ human rights. It typ­i­cal­ly involves forced labour, sex­u­al exploita­tion or the removal of vic­tims’ organs. Migrants are par­tic­u­lar­ly at risk, as peo­ple are more vul­ner­a­ble when they are out­side of their own coun­try and not cov­ered by their own legal sys­tem. The SDC is com­mit­ted to improv­ing the pre­ven­tion of human traf­fick­ing, pro­tect­ing vic­tims more effec­tive­ly and devel­op­ing local capa­bil­i­ties and social ser­vices through the pro­vi­sion of advice.

SDC focus

Switzer­land regards human traf­fick­ing as a seri­ous vio­la­tion of human rights. The SDC is par­tic­u­lar­ly involved in tack­ling this prob­lem in east­ern Europe and the South Cau­ca­sus. When it comes to human traf­fick­ing, these are not only coun­tries of ori­gin but also of tran­sit and des­ti­na­tion. The SDC’s activ­i­ties include:

  • imple­ment­ing infor­ma­tion cam­paigns and rais­ing aware­ness among young peo­ple, par­tic­u­lar­ly mar­gin­alised groups with­in soci­ety (e.g. board­ing school pupils and orphans)
  • strength­en­ing nation­al repa­tri­a­tion pro­grammes for vic­tims of human traf­fick­ing and, where pos­si­ble, devel­op­ing inter­na­tion­al programmes
  • strength­en­ing region­al net­works, organ­i­sa­tions and key play­ers that are involved in the pre­ven­tion of human traf­fick­ing and the assis­tance, repa­tri­a­tion and rein­te­gra­tion of vic­tims of trafficking
  • con­tribut­ing to inter­de­part­men­tal work­ing groups, such as the work­ing group on inter­na­tion­al coop­er­a­tion on migra­tion and the Swiss Coor­di­na­tion Unit against the Traf­fick­ing in Per­sons and the Smug­gling of Migrants, in order to ensure that Switzer­land has a coher­ent domes­tic and for­eign pol­i­cy in this area

Background

Human traf­fick­ing is a glob­al prob­lem, one that has inten­si­fied over the last 20 years as glob­al­i­sa­tion has increased. The poor­er the coun­try, the eas­i­er it is for crim­i­nal traf­fick­ing net­works to recruit peo­ple. Human traf­fick­ing is par­tic­u­lar­ly wide­spread in Latin Amer­i­ca, south-east Asia, and east­ern and south-east Europe. Coun­tries of tran­sit and des­ti­na­tion are typ­i­cal­ly indus­tri­alised countries.

By con­trast with peo­ple smug­glers, who gen­er­al­ly trans­port con­sent­ing indi­vid­u­als to anoth­er coun­try in return for pay­ment, human traf­fick­ers make false promis­es in rela­tion to employ­ment or mar­riage and threat­en or use vio­lence in order to exploit their vic­tims and enslave them. How­ev­er, it is dif­fi­cult to draw a clear line between these two types of activity.

The Inter­na­tion­al Labour Organ­i­sa­tion esti­mates that in 2012, 21 mil­lion peo­ple around the world became vic­tims of human traf­fick­ing, either in their own coun­try or abroad. Some 90% of cas­es involve forced labour. Of those, one-fifth con­cern sex­u­al exploita­tion, while four-fifths relate to the agri­cul­tur­al sec­tor, the build­ing trade, indus­try or domes­tic staff in pri­vate households.

Accord­ing to esti­mates by the Euro­pean Com­mis­sion and the Orga­ni­za­tion for Secu­ri­ty and Co-oper­a­tion in Europe, 55% of all vic­tims world­wide are women or girls.

These days, human traf­fick­ing is one of the most lucra­tive crimes there is, on a par with the traf­fick­ing of weapons and drugs. The total finan­cial pro­ceeds of human traf­fick­ing world­wide are in excess of USD 10 billion.

Current challenges

Human traf­fick­ing is an inter­na­tion­al prob­lem, one that has been exac­er­bat­ed by the inter­net and the fact that trav­el has become so much eas­i­er. In order to effec­tive­ly tack­le human traf­fick­ing, pre­ven­tive mea­sures need to be imple­ment­ed and vic­tims need to be bet­ter pro­tect­ed. There is also a need to increase the num­ber of pros­e­cu­tions and con­duct more inten­sive infor­ma­tion cam­paigns in migrants’ coun­tries of ori­gin regard­ing the dan­gers of eco­nom­ic migration.

Inter­na­tion­al coop­er­a­tion is also impor­tant. Thus far, how­ev­er, this has only addressed select­ed aspects of human traf­fick­ing, such as the traf­fick­ing of women and forced labour. Accord­ing­ly, fur­ther reg­u­la­tion and agree­ments are required at the inter­na­tion­al level.

ADLAUDATOSI INTEGRAL ECOLOGY FORUM WEBINARS

You access our webi­na­rs videos on: https://adlaudatosi.org/#course

 

Religious Helping Trafficking Victims along the Road of Recovery (ON-DEMAND VIDEO WEBINAR)

Religious Working In International Advocacy Against Human Trafficking (ON-DEMAND VIDEO WEBINAR)

Impact Of Human Trafficking On Health: Trauma (ON-DEMAND VIDEO WEBINAR)

Impact Of Human Trafficking On Health: Healing (ON-DEMAND VIDEO WEBINAR)

International Prosecution Of Human Trafficking — Where Are We Now? (ON-DEMAND VIDEO WEBINAR)

International Prosecution Of Human Trafficking — What can be done? (ON-DEMAND VIDEO WEBINAR)

International Prosecution Of Human Trafficking — Best Practices (ON-DEMAND VIDEO WEBINAR)

Demand As Root Cause For Human Trafficking – Sex Trafficking & Prostitution

OUR MISSION:

THE PURPOSE IS TO SHARE BEST PRACTICES AND PROMOTE ACTIONS AGAINST HUMAN TRAFFICKING.

WE MAKE AVAILABLE TO YOU GUIDES AND RESEARCH ON TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS FROM THE MOST RECOGNISED LEGAL AND OPERATIONAL ACTORS.

Human Trafficking — Interview with Prof. Michel Veuthey, Order of Malta — 44th UN Human Right Council 2020

POPE’S PAYER INTENTION FOR FEBRUARY 2020: Hear the cries of migrants victims of human trafficking

FRANCE — BLOG DU COLLECTIF “CONTRE LA TRAITE DES ÊTRES HUMAINS”

Church on the frontlines in fight against human trafficking

Holy See — PUBLICATION OF PASTORAL ORIENTATIONS ON HUMAN TRAFFICKING 2019

RIGHT TO LIFE AND HUMAN DIGNITY GUIDEBOOK

Catholic social teaching

Doctrine sociale de l’Église catholique

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