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OIM — Migrant Smuggling to Canada: An Enquiry into Vulnerability and Irregularity through Migrant Stories — 2018

OIM — Migrant Smuggling to Canada: An Enquiry into Vulnerability and Irregularity through Migrant Stories — 2018
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http://publications.iom.int/books/migrant-smuggling-canada-enquiry-vulnerability-and-irregularity-through-migrant-stories

The study focus­es on assess­ing migrant vul­ner­a­bil­i­ties, pro­tec­tion needs and expo­sure to exploita­tion before migra­tion, dur­ing their tran­sit and upon arrival through a qual­i­ta­tive research based on migrants’ expe­ri­ences of irreg­u­lar migra­tion to Cana­da – with a focus on Afghan and Syr­i­an migrants.

The objec­tives of this study are to map out of the char­ac­ter­is­tics of the cur­rent and devel­op­ing smug­gling net­works that have Cana­da as a final des­ti­na­tion and assess the vul­ner­a­bil­i­ties and exploita­tion that migrants are exposed to dur­ing their journeys.

Table of contents:
  • List of fig­ures and table
  • List of acronyms
  • Glos­sary of key terms
  • 1. INTRODUCTION
    • 1.1. Project background
    • 1.2. Method­ol­o­gy
    • 1.3. Lim­i­ta­tions and constraints
    • 1.4. Struc­ture of the report
  • 2. CONTEXT OF MIGRANT SMUGGLING 
    • 2.1. Approach­es to address­ing migrant smuggling
    • 2.2. Nature of migrant smuggling
    • 2.3. Polit­i­cal envi­ron­ment and context
  • 3. MIGRANT THRESHOLDS 
    • 3.1. The diver­si­ty of pro­file of migrants
    • 3.2. Indif­fer­ence threshold
    • 3.3. Loca­tion­al threshold
    • 3.4. Tra­jec­to­ry threshold
  • 4. PREPAREDNESS AND RESOURCE MOBILIZATION 
    • 4.1. Lev­el of infor­ma­tion about Cana­da dur­ing decision-making
    • 4.2. Rely­ing on the smuggler
    • 4.3. Rely­ing on oth­er actors
  • 5. VULNERABILITIES AND EXPOSURE TO EXPLOITATION 
    • 5.1. Def­i­n­i­tion: Vul­ner­a­bil­i­ty and exploitation
    • 5.2. Trends in vul­ner­a­bil­i­ties and expo­sure to exploitation
    • 5.3. Impli­ca­tions for protection
  • 6. ASPIRATIONS
    • 6.1. Then and now
    • 6.2. Look­ing to the future
  • 7. RECOMMENDATIONS
    • 7.1. Rec­om­men­da­tions for Mem­ber States, gov­ern­ments, inter­na­tion­al orga­ni­za­tions and oth­er stakeholders
    • 7.2. Frame­work for pro­tec­tion pro­gram­ming in con­texts of transit
    • 7.3. Rec­om­men­da­tions for the use of com­ple­men­tary approach­es and non-tra­di­tion­al response
    • 7.4. Rec­om­men­da­tions to strength­en the ecosys­tem that pro­tects migrants
  • Annex
    • Inter­vie­wee list
  • Bib­li­og­ra­phy

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