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OIM – Migrant Smuggling to Canada: An Enquiry into Vulnerability and Irregularity through Migrant Stories – 2018

OIM – Migrant Smuggling to Canada: An Enquiry into Vulnerability and Irregularity through Migrant Stories – 2018

http://publications.iom.int/books/migrant-smuggling-canada-enquiry-vulnerability-and-irregularity-through-migrant-stories

The study focuses on assessing migrant vulnerabilities, protection needs and exposure to exploitation before migration, during their transit and upon arrival through a qualitative research based on migrants' experiences of irregular migration to Canada – with a focus on Afghan and Syrian migrants.

The objectives of this study are to map out of the characteristics of the current and developing smuggling networks that have Canada as a final destination and assess the vulnerabilities and exploitation that migrants are exposed to during their journeys.

Table of contents:
  • List of figures and table
  • List of acronyms
  • Glossary of key terms
  • 1. INTRODUCTION
    • 1.1. Project background
    • 1.2. Methodology
    • 1.3. Limitations and constraints
    • 1.4. Structure of the report
  • 2. CONTEXT OF MIGRANT SMUGGLING
    • 2.1. Approaches to addressing migrant smuggling
    • 2.2. Nature of migrant smuggling
    • 2.3. Political environment and context
  • 3. MIGRANT THRESHOLDS
    • 3.1. The diversity of profile of migrants
    • 3.2. Indifference threshold
    • 3.3. Locational threshold
    • 3.4. Trajectory threshold
  • 4. PREPAREDNESS AND RESOURCE MOBILIZATION
    • 4.1. Level of information about Canada during decision-making
    • 4.2. Relying on the smuggler
    • 4.3. Relying on other actors
  • 5. VULNERABILITIES AND EXPOSURE TO EXPLOITATION
    • 5.1. Definition: Vulnerability and exploitation
    • 5.2. Trends in vulnerabilities and exposure to exploitation
    • 5.3. Implications for protection
  • 6. ASPIRATIONS
    • 6.1. Then and now
    • 6.2. Looking to the future
  • 7. RECOMMENDATIONS
    • 7.1. Recommendations for Member States, governments, international organizations and other stakeholders
    • 7.2. Framework for protection programming in contexts of transit
    • 7.3. Recommendations for the use of complementary approaches and non-traditional response
    • 7.4. Recommendations to strengthen the ecosystem that protects migrants
  • Annex
    • Interviewee list
  • Bibliography

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About The Author

UN HEADQUARTERS, NEW YORK – PRACTICAL SOLUTIONS TO ERADICATE HUMAN TRAFFICKING FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 9, 2018

OUR MISSION:

THE PURPOSE IS TO SHARE BEST PRACTICES AND PROMOTE ACTIONS AGAINST HUMAN TRAFFICKING.

WE MAKE AVAILABLE TO YOU GUIDES AND RESEARCH ON TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS FROM THE MOST RECOGNISED LEGAL AND OPERATIONAL ACTORS.

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